Bump On Gums: Causes And Treatment Options

When you discover a growth kind of bump on your body, it may be quite alarming and scary, but a bump on your gums doesn’t usually call for a medical emergency. For a lot of people, a lump, a white patch, or bumps on the gums doesn’t give them a reason to worry.

Nevertheless, it can be a symptom of something serious, so it’s crucial to consult your dentist if you notice any unusual bump.

Hard bump on gums or a white bump on gums can be as a result of gum disease (periodontal disease), irritation and a host of other things. This problem also occurs as a result of something you eat, or perhaps you brushed too hard.

hard bump on gums, white bump on gums

Also, it is possible that white bump on gums could be a symptom of a bacterial infection. Lots of people experience irritations or gum pain at some point in their life. Accumulation of some bacteria or plaque is the cause of gum pain and irritation. It can lead to bleeding and redness of the gums.

In this article, we will be explaining the causes of these bumps and some treatment options.

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What is Causing Bump on My Gums?

What are the causes?

A lot of things can cause it- Hard bump on gums or a white bump on gums is usually caused by one of these things below:

  1. Dental Cysts.

This is a small bubble filled with liquid, air, or other soft materials. They usually form around your gums on the roots of the teeth. These cysts grow slowly over time and rarely cause pains or symptoms unless they become infected. When they are infected, you can notice some swelling and pains around the bump.

Cysts can put pressure on your teeth and then make your jaw weak over time; if it’s large enough. However, most dental cysts are easy to get rid of with a simple surgical procedure.

  1. An abscess (periodontal abscess)

An abscess is a buildup of pus which is caused by bacteria in the gum. Gum disease or an infected tooth causes it; they are often painful but may feel warm and soft.

 Symptoms of Abscess include:

  1. A throbbing pain which comes suddenly and becomes worse.
  2. Swelling and redness on your face or in your gums
  3. Pains on the affected part and can spread to the jaw, ear, or neck.

Some conditions such as smoking or poorly controlled diabetes can be a risk factor for developing a periodontal abscess.

Once you develop an Abscess, you will need to consult your dentist as fast as you can. Tooth extraction may be recommended depending on how severe the infection has eaten deep.

  1. Canker Sores

Usually, they can develop as white bumps. Canker sores develop on the soft tissue around the gums and mouth. They are also known as mouth ulcers; they are harmless. However, when they are inside your mouth, they can be painful.

Symptoms of canker sores include:

  1. Stinging pain while drinking or eating
  2. Yellow or white spots with a red border.
  3. Slightly raised bumps.

Canker Sores can be round or oval and have red edges. The cause of this canker sores is unclear, but they can be resulted from:

  1. Irritation or injury of mouth tissue
  2. Bacteria
  3. Dietary deficiencies

Canker sores can be minor or major; most of them heal on their won with 1 to 2 weeks. If you have canker sores and persist for over 14 days, please consult your dentist.

  1. Fibroma.

The most common cause of a tumor-like bump on gums is the “Oral fibroma.” They are noncancerous lumps that develop on the injured or irritated gum tissue. Fibromas usually feel like smooth, hard, dome-shaped lumps, but are painless.

Fibromas can appear on:

  1. Under dentures
  2. Iside your cheeks
  3. On the inside of your lips
  4. On the sides of your tongue

Often, they don’t require any treatment methods, but a surgical operation can be done if it’s very large.

  1. Heck’s Disease.

This is a condition that leads to multiple white to pinkish lumps that occur in the mouth, inner cheek, on the lips, and gums. They occur more in children, and it is caused by the Human papillomavirus (HPV). It can lead to a white bump on gums.

  1. Unerupted tooth.

This also happens mostly in kids, whereby a tooth that is yet to come out in the gum can show up as a bump in the gum. They are usually painless, and if there’s a pain, pain may resolve as soon as the tooth comes out. An unerupted tooth can lead to a hard bump on gums.

  1. Oral Cancer

They are sometimes also called mouth cancer. Oral cancer on your gum might look like a lump, small growth, or thickening of the skin.

Some symptoms of Oral cancer are:

  1. A sore that won’t heal
  2. A bleeding sore
  3. A red or white patch on your mouth gums
  4. Tongue pain
  5. pain while chewing and swallowing
  6. Jaw pain
  7. sore throat

If you have oral cancer, the following treatment method can be applicable: Treatment methods may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or the 3 combined.

  1. Mandibular torus (plural: tori)

Mandibular torus is a bony growth that appears the lower and upper jaw, and the cause is unknown. They usually appear alone or in a cluster. Also, you can have them on one side or both sides of your jaw. They feel smooth to touch and hard and rarely require treatment.

They can appear on:

  1. Above or below the teeth
  2. The inside of your lower jaw.

hard bump on gums, white bump on gums

    9. Pyogenic granuloma

Oral Pyogenic granulomas are usually painless, soft, and have a deep red color or purple.

A Pyogenic granuloma typically appears as a swollen, blood-filled bump in the mouth that bleeds easily. Dentists are not sure about their causes. From some study, hormonal changes might be a factor as some women develop them during pregnancy, menstruation, and puberty.

  1. Burns & Injuries

Burns from hot beverages or liquid; like coffee, tea, and foods can cause burn inside the mouth and also the gum. If the burn is severe, a blister or bump can occur, which can be very painful.

Also, if something cuts into your gums or something hit your mouth, it can lead to an injury and then the formation of a bump.

Treatment of Bump On Gums

Treatment methods usually depend on the underlying cause. Bump on gums can be treated in the following procedures below:

  1. Bumps due to burns & Injury to the gums will resolve on its own in a few days or weeks. Warm water Salt solutions, Vitamin C and analgesics such as paracetamol will help in reducing pains, soreness and promote fast healing


Avoid using your teeth to remove the cork of a bottle; any mistake can cause severe injury to your gum.

  1. Bumps due to Dental Cysts

You need to visit your dentist or oral surgeon. The treatment for bumps due to dental cysts may include Radiation therapy, surgical removal of the lump, chemotherapy, and all of the 3 combined.

  1. Bumps caused by Abscess.

Either an extraction of the tooth or carrying out a root canal to save the tooth can be managed by your dentist. The pus in the gum is also drained. Often, dentists prescribe antibiotics.

  1. Bumps caused by unerupted tooth

Cutting the gum to expose the hidden tooth; may be carried out by your dentist to facilitate its eruption. Also, a surgical extraction may be recommended if the tooth is impacted and trapped in the jaw, thereby causing severe pain and infection.

  1. Bumps caused by Heck’s disease

Your dentist may also prescribe an antiviral medication.

  1. Bumps caused by canker sores.

A minor canker sore usually resolves within one to two weeks; while major canker sores require treatment like Lasers, ointments, oral rinse, saltwater solutions, and pain-relieving medications.

  1. Bumps by Pyogenic granuloma (Hormonal changes)

Regular dental check-ups are necessary. The bump may be removed surgically.


The Ideal Method of preventing any bump on gums or other oral diseases is good oral hygiene.

  1. Brushing twice a day
  2. Flossing once daily
  3. By using oral products that contain no sodium lauryl sulfate; as this routine can contribute to cankers sores growth
  4. Ensure you visit your dentist always for check-ups.
  5. Using a sharp object to remove food particle from your mouth.

hard bump on gums, white bump on gums

When to see your doctor

Often, a bump on your gums is not something serious. But if you notice any of the following symptoms in addition to a bump, you should call your doctor right away:

  • A sore that is getting worse
  • fever
  • A bump or lump that bleeds
  • Throbbing pain
  • foul taste or foul-smelling breath
  • Bumps that stays longer than 1 week
  • A non-healing
  • White or red patches on your lips or mouth

There are lots of things that can cause a bump on gums, but the most important thing is to know how to take care of your oral and also know when to consult your dentist. I hope this article helps you.

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Article references:

Dental Abscess

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